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The Beak – Anatomy, Function, Care and Diseases

Autor: Slobodan Ivić

Izdavač: CFP Apostrof

ISBN: 978-86-80996-03-5

Format:200×200

Povez: broš

Str. 156

1.800rsd

  • EUR: 15 €

SKU: 00931 Kategorije: , Oznake: , ID: 4084

Opis

Kroz jedanaest poglavlja obrađene su mnoge teme koje se dotiču anatomije, fiziologije i histološke građe kljuna, preko njegovih mnogobrojnih funkcija, različitih urođenih i stečenih poremećaja i mogućnosti njihovih korekcija. Autor se osvrnuo i na osnovne bolesti kljuna, kao i načine dijagnostičke i terapijske procedure koje se sprovode. Čitavo poglavlje je posvećeno osnovnim principima nege kljuna sa pregršt korisnih saveta.

Knjiga je bogato ilustrovana kvalitetnim fotografijama u koloru koje je većinom napravio sam autor.

The book is focused on the beak as an organ that characterizes the whole species of birds with
special consideration of the beak characteristics for different species of parrots.
 Professor Radmila Resanović PhD
The book is actually the contribution of Dr. Ivić for the doctors of veterinary medicine to
increase the quantum of knowledge in this field, but also to educate birds lovers, breeders
and all those who are in any way related to birds.
PHd Stevan Veličković

Contents

About the author    9

Foreword   11

Reviews    13

Acknowledgments    15

Chapter 1 Introduction    17

1.1. Different forms of beaks in the bird class    19

1.2 Parrots    24

1.3. Parrot beak    28

Chapter 2 Genetics and the Embryonic Development of the Beak    31

2.1. Fertilization and Embryonic Development    33

Chapter 3 Anatomy and histology of tissues and organs related to the beak    35

3.1.1. Anatomy of the Skull    36

3.1.2. Bone Histology    41

3.1.3. Ossification    43

3.2.1. Anatomy of the Respiratory System    44

3.2.2. Histology of the Respiratory System    48

3.3.1. Muscle Anatomy and Function    49

3.3.2. Muscle Histology    51

3.4.1. Bird skin    51

3.4.2. Skin Histology    53

3.5. Part of the Digestive System that is Directly Linked to the Beak    57

3.5.1. Tongue    57

3.5.2. Liver    59

Chapter 4 Senses    61

4.1. Senses and receptors characteristic for parrots    62

Chapter 5 Beak    65

5.1.1. Anatomy of the Beak    66

5.1.2 The Quadrato-Mandibular Joint    69

5.1.3. Beak-moving Muscles    71

5.1.4. Innervation    72

5.1.5. Vascularization    72

5.1.6. Histology of the Beak    73

5.2.1. Histology of the Oral Cavity    75

5.3.1. Processes in the Oral Cavity    75

Chapter 6 Beak Features    79

6.1. Beak Growth Strength and Rate    80

6.2. The Colour of the Beak    81

6.3. A Healthy Beak    91

6.3.1. Features of a Healthy Beak    91

Chapter 7 Functions of the Beak    93

7.1. Why Is the Beak Important?    93

Chapter 8 Changes on the Beak    99

8.1. The Significance of Anamnestic Data and Observations    102

8.2. Developmental Disorders    104

8.2.1. Congenital Deformities    105

8.2.2. Acquired Disorders    106

8.3. Vitamin Deficiency and Impact on Changes in the Beak    107

8.4 Deficit of Inorganic Elements and their Impact on the Beak    109

8.5. Injuries    112

8.5.1. The Most Common Mechanisms of Injuries    113

8.6. Diseases of the Beak    116

8.6.1. Diseases of the Respiratory System    118

8.6.2. Metabolic Diseases – Fatty Liver    119

8.7. Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi and Ectoparasites    121

8.7.1. The Effect of Pathogenic Viruses and their Manifestations on the Beak    121

8.7.2. The Effect of Pathogenic Bacteria and their Manifestations on the Beak    129

8.7.3. Fungal diseases    129

8.7.4. The Effect of the Parasites on the Beak and Surrounding Structure    129

  1. Tumours 133

Chapter 9 How to Help Birds Maintain a Healthy Beak    135

9.1. Prevention    135

Chapter 10 Therapy of beak    138

10.1 Medication Therapy    138

10.2. Surgical Treatment of the Beak    139

10.3. Orthopedic surgical based on orthodontic techniques – Treatment of the Beak   141

10.4. Aesthetic Restoration    143

10.5. Development of Fixed Prosthetic Compensations    144

Chapter 11 Conclusion    146

Bibliography   

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